The M18 carried a five-man crew, consisting of a commander, gunner, loader, driver, and assistant driver. A Military Channel historian credited the M18 destroyers with 24 kills, including several Tiger tanks, and believes that in part, their ability to "shoot and scoot" at high speed and then reappear elsewhere on the battlefield, confused and slowed the German attack, which finally stalled, leaving the Americans in control of the town overnight.. One of the platoon's M18s commanded by Sgt Henry R. Hartman knocked out six of the German tanks, most of which were the much-feared Panthers. The unit had originally been trained on the M3 Gun Motor Carriage (a 75 mm gun installed in the bed of an M3 half-track). The M18 Hellcat (officially designated the 76 mm Gun Motor Carriage M18 or M18 GMC) was an American tank destroyer of World War II, also used in the Korean War.  M39s saw combat during the Korean War, primarily as armored personnel and munitions carriers and were finally declared obsolete on February 14, 1957.  The United States Ordnance Corps made several failed attempts to provide said vehicle using the weapons (the 37 mm, 57 mm, 3 inch, 75 mm and finally the lightweight 76 mm of 1942–1943) and technology available, including mounting the 3-inch gun on the fast M3 Light Tank chassis. CH Disk 1 00009 CH Disk 1 00009. , The M18 served primarily in Western Europe, but was also present in the Pacific. Italian tank destroyers were underpowered, thinly armored and few in number. , M18s were “…not primarily used for tank fighting, but were committed more often to improvised roles, usually direct fire support for infantry.” . M18s were not issued to United States Marine Corps units. See more ideas about Tank destroyer, Tanks military, Ww2 tanks. Like all self-propelled tank destroyer battalions, those fitted with the M18 were composed of a headquarters company, reconnaissance company, three gun companies, and a medical detachment. This doctrine failed on the European battlefield where attacking American tanks ran into defending German tanks and self-propelled guns far more often than intended, and the tank destroyers were called in to assist. P61. The StuG III Ausf. , The M18 Hellcat was a key element during World War II in the Battle of the Bulge. 1 Overview 2 Appearances 3 Behind the scenes 4 See also The Tank Destroyer only appeared in the campaign (most prominently the prequel mission Archetype) as an unbuildable unit used by Allied forces. No ISBN number, "THE 76-MM GUN M1A1AND M1A2: AN ANALYSIS OF U.S. Tank destroyer units were to be held as a reserve at the corps or army level, and were to move quickly to the site of any massed enemy tank breakthrough, maneuvering aggressively and using ambush tactics (charging or chasing enemy tanks was explicitly prohibited) to destroy enemy tanks. In December 1941, the Ordnance Department issued a requirement for the design of a fast tank destroyer using a Christie suspension, a Wright-Continental R-975 radial aircraft engine, and a 37 mm gun. Buick's engineers used a torsion bar suspension that provided a steady ride. It is my hope that this site may bring together the families of these men to celebrate their accomplishments during WWII and in ... A.D.-Bruce-at-plane A.D.-Bruce-at-plane CH Disk 1 00010 CH Disk 1 00010. The only M18 variant produced in significant numbers was the M39 Armored Utility Vehicle, a turretless variation used to transport personnel or cargo or as a gun tractor. U.S. tanks were expected to fight any hostile tanks they encountered in their attack, but the mission of destroying massed enemy armored thrusts was assigned to a new branch, the Tank Destroyer Force. It was also relatively lightly armoured and unable to attack air units. Flag images indicative of country of origin and not necessarily primary operator. The PTL02 tank destroyer is based on the Type 92 wheeled armored vehicle and is fielded along with the Type 92 infantry fighting vehicles and Type 92 armored personnel carriers. Download free Military wallpapers and desktop backgrounds! A machine gun on top controlled by the commander, with 45 degrees of traverse. , The Venezuelan military still operates M18s, with 75 still in reserve service. This was enough to impede the vision of the crew, who had to wait until the muzzle blast cleared to fire accurately again. Originally designed as a tank destroyer, Nimrod became an anti aircraft vehicle instead with a few converted to troop carrier/ambulance. , The attack of 1st Battalion and the M18 Hellcat tank destroyers of the 705th TD Battalion near Noville together destroyed at least 30 German tanks and inflicted 500 to 1,000 casualties on the attacking forces, in what amounted to a spoiling attack. In 1959 the Tank Destroyer Regiments were reorganized in three Tank Destroyer Battalions with the same numbers. The M18's new design incorporated several labor saving and innovative maintenance features. The testing phase of the Hellcat proved that teamwork was an essential element of the new light tank destroyer units, and replaced the fixed, rigid structure of other units with a much more flexible command structure that allowed adapting to more complicated tasks.. The tank destroyer had a fixed superstructure in place of a rotating turret. Initially, these were organized in three Tank Destroyer Regiments numbered 397, 398 and 399. M10 was a combination of the Sherman tank’s chassis with the 3-Inch M7 gun, in theory it could penetrate Tiger’s front armor at a distance of 1 km.  One M18 is preserved in the Greek Army Tank Museum. To solve this problem, the 76 mm gun M1 was replaced with the muzzle brake-equipped 76 mm gun M1A2 as soon as it became available; in the interim, the M1A1C gun, threaded for a muzzle brake but not so equipped, was used. ... and in January 1943 it became the first destroyer to launch an airplane from its own deck. The 76 mm gun M1 fitted to most Hellcats kicked up large amounts of dust when fired. When the Tank Destroyer Force was organized in 1941, their commander, Lieutenant Colonel (later General) Andrew Davis Bruce envisioned the units being equipped with something faster than a tank, with a better gun but less armor to allow for speed; a cruiser rather than a battleship. Though equipped with turrets (unlike most self-propelled anti-tank guns of the day), the typical American design was more heavily gunned, but more lightly armored, and thus more maneuverable, than a contemporary tank. This met approval, but in early 1943 the army requested a more powerful gun – the 76 mm gun M1 under development for the Sherman. Combat tanks providing the basis for dedicated tank destroyers of the war are also included in this list. The kills-to-losses ratio for Europe was 2.3 to 1 and the overall kill to loss ratio was 2.4 to 1. This site is dedicated to the men that served our country in Tank Destroyers. . 10 were later converted into T41/T41E1 command vehicle and prime mover prototypes, and 640 were converted into M39 Armored Utility Vehicles. Tank Destroyer is the real-time strategy game "red alert 2" in the sub-camp of German camp Germany's characteristics weapons. The open-top proved an advantage in terms of allowing the TD crews significantly better visibility than their opponents, many of which were German tank destroyers that did not have revolving turrets and were handicapped by poor lateral visibility. SU100 tank destroyer. The fully unitized drivetrain was much easier to maintain, as it was mounted on rails equipped with steel rollers that allowed maintenance crews to disconnect it easily from the transmission, roll it out onto the lowered engine rear cover using rails, service it, and then reconnect it to the transmission. Beginning in June 1944, roughly the last 700 Hellcats received the M1A2 gun. Tank destroyers were often deployed to attack enemy armor at long range from an ambush position. It was the fastest U.S. armored fighting vehicle on the road. Join me for a brief look at this German Tank Destroyer. Team Desobry's high-speed highway journey to reach the blocking position is one of the few documented cases in which the top speed of the M18 Hellcat – 50 mph (80 km/h) – was actually used to get ahead of an enemy force. Equipped with an anti-tank cannon based on anti-aircraft weaponry designs with exceptional amour-piercing capabilities, it became the bane of the Feder… This led to a requirement for very fast, well-armed vehicles. 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