jurby airfield isle of man

OTU at Abingdon when the unit was transferred to Jurby. Having been built in 1938 to last for just 10 years it was converted in the 1960s to a hotel, the Jurby Hotel. By the beginning of 1939, in the region of 400 men were engaged with the construction of the station and work was progressing on the construction of huts and the underground services. Construction of the prototype ANR was commenced, but envelope problems delayed its completion, and AAC went into liquidation during the early 1990s recession. The weather on the day was reported as misty, the conditions shrouding the mountainous spine of the Isle of Man, and when the Anson failed to arrive at Jurby at its allotted time of 13:15hrs a search and rescue operation was put into effect. © IWM (CH 4870), Barrack Room B2 at Jurby, c. 1952/53. Courtesy of Mark Ratcliff, "Typical Sunday Evening" at Jurby, c. 1952/53. In the spring of 1953 it was announced that the No. [68] An inquest was held at Ramsey which in turn recorded the same conclusion. 5 Armament Training Station. To be able to accept Vickers Viscount turboprop airliners the main East/West runway was extended eastwards and bisected by the Ballamenagh Road (A14). Later on in July 1941 the original title reappeared but instruction of trainee aircrews did not greatly alter until the more specialised Air Navigation and Bombing School replaced it in February 1944. [28] Instructors were screened personnel who had completed a tour of operations on a front line bomber squadron. Operationally it helped protect Belfast and Liverpool from German air raids, being strategically placed in order to offer fighter protection. The remaining aerodrome buildings (for technical activities and accommodation) were built in a compact layout behind the hangars, in an arrangement replicated across all of the Expansion Period airfields: Technical Area, Station Offices, Officers' Mess, Sergeants' Mess and Airmen's' Quarters. Further changes were being made to meet the demands of Bomber Command whose mainstay was now the Lancaster and Halifax which required seven crew members. During the Second World War the station was used for training as No. One suggestion was that the Station would become a venue for ATC training. 08/41 to 10/41, 457 Sqn with Supermarine Spitfires. The event was marked by a parade along Douglas Promenade.[72]. ", "Airbrushes | Compressors & Equipment | ModellingTools", http://www.30squadron.org.au/index.php?option=com_content&view=article&id=165&Itemid=40, "The British Commonwealth Air Training Plan - The Second World War - History - Remembrance - Veterans Affairs Canada", "Isle of Man Air Traffic Control in the 1940s", https://www.thegazette.co.uk/London/issue/39243/supplement/3069/data.pdf, "Isle of Man – Peak District Air Accident Research", "Hudson Mk.I N7337, North Barrule, Ramsey", "RAFCommands – The meeting place for RAF researchers", "Wellington BX LP176 [Royal Air Force Aircraft Serial and Image Database]", "Anson T. Mk.20 VM418, Clagh Ouyr, Ramsey", "Officers' tragic final flight from Cumbria to Isle of Man", "North loses landmark as Jurby Hotel is flattened", http://www.gov.im/transport/drainage/ViewNews.gov?page=lib/news/dhss/dhsstodelivernew.xml&menuid=11570, "Jurby Junk will close for good at the end of summer", http://www.manxgliding.org/features/glidinghistory/, "Minister opens new prison at Jurby – Isle of Man Public Services", Details of events at Jurby for Classic TT, Ministry of Aviation map reproduced at "Island Images", Entry at Abandoned & Little Known Airfields, Photos from around the airfield in 2011 on Midlands Heritage, https://en.wikipedia.org/w/index.php?title=RAF_Jurby&oldid=991509909, Royal Air Force stations in the Isle of Man, Royal Air Force stations of World War II in the Isle of Man, Buildings and structures in the Isle of Man, Military units and formations established in 1938, Military units and formations disestablished in 1963, Pages with non-numeric formatnum arguments, Wikipedia articles needing page number citations from April 2016, Articles with unsourced statements from July 2018, Creative Commons Attribution-ShareAlike License, 13 January 1940 – RAF Jurby lost its first aircraft when a, 9 September 1941 – on this day, two aircraft were lost over the Isle of Man. In late 1982, a newly demerged airship company (Wren Skyships) relocated to Jurby airfield from Cardington in Bedfordshire. The crew of six were killed. During the summer months sailing and fishing would also be available. Jurby Circuit Track Days Information Although renowned for it's road racing and tarmac rallies, Jurby is the only permanent circuit available on the Isle of Man. The business was later moved into two purpose built warehouse units with one half dedicated to books. Courtesy of Mark Ratcliff, Nigel Ratcliff at Jurby, c. 1952/53. [14] The technical syllabus would cover such subjects as meteorology, aerodynamics and radio operations both for communication and navigation. Courtesy of Mark Ratcliff, Barrack Rooms (Red 1) at Jurby, c. 1952/53. 5 Armament Training Station, No. The Island’s only purpose-built race track, Jurby Motordrome, ran just three Andreas Racing Association meetings in 2019, with the final two events cancelled thanks to a severe lack of entries . Over 7,000 personnel had passed through the Station by the end of hostilities in 1945. Only in September 1963 did the RAF finally leave Jurby, with the OCTU going to Feltwell, but flying carried on for some more years as the Isle of Man Government decided to keep this place open as a diversionary airfield for Ronaldsway, a scheme which had in fact received official RAF authorisation since as early as July 1948. Jurby Airfield, Jurby, Isle of Man, IM7 3JP Call direct on: Tel 07921712266 Website Email Opening Times Season (4 Sept 2021 - 5 Sept 2021) Day Times Saturday - Sunday 10:00 - 17:00 Map & … The first fatal wartime accident on Manx soil occurred on 3 January 1940, when an aircraft on a training flight from RAF Upper Heyford crashed into Snaefell in bad visibility, killing all three crew members. [6] Also at this time the contract for the electrical installation was awarded to the Doncaster Colliery Supply Co., Ltd.[7] As the work continued, it was decided that additional land would be required. In turn No 11 Air Gunners School shifted over from the closing Andreas, after which Jurby went on to a Care and Maintenance basis on 15 October 1947 as this more recent unit disbanded. Many of the original hangars can still be seen on the south side of the Ballamenagh Road though have been re-clad with more modern materials. This area received a £2m government injection to fund a new main entrance with resurfaced roads in 2008 and is known as the Jurby Industrial Estate. 11 Air Gunnery School in October, the future of RAF Jurby became uncertain. Bombs carried were 22 lb flash bombs, four of which were carried internally and four of which were carried externally on the bomb racks. Jurby was originally a World War2 airfield and like many other it has been used as a racing circuit. On conclusion they flew out from RAF Jurby on a Douglas Dakota of the King's Flight to RAF Northolt.[74]. Hall Caine, the Isle of Man’s first airport, also assisted this airfield in an auxiliary capacity in the first half of World War prior to being derequisitioned. Air Ministry officials visited Ramsey in September 1938 as final plans for the station were drawn up. Training had subtly switched emphasis once more, with Avro Ansons and Vickers Wellingtons now serving as flying equipment, but life for the moment largely carried on as usual until the school moved to Topcliffe in September 1946. A desk was provided for the student navigator and a perspex panel in the nose was provided for the bomb aimer who lay in the prone position in front of the pilot. In addition to providing defence against the Luftwaffe's night offensive, 302 Sqn also undertook convoy patrols in the Irish Sea. Cheshire had trained on Avro Ansons and was undertaking conversion to Whitley bombers at No 10. 1 Initial Training School, RAF Jurby was subsequently transferred from the Control of No. Hall Caine, the Isle of Man’s first airport, also assisted this airfield in an auxiliary capacity in the first half of World War prior to being derequisitioned. Making full use of the training facilities, the squadron was also used as a clearing unit for pilots of No. 5 Air Observers School, Jurby, during the Second World War. This led to another re-organisation of the training undertaken at RAF Jurby which became known as the No. Airfield then on care and maintenance. Jurby Junk closed on September 1st of 2018 due to operational costs. 2013 Andreas Racing Association - Jurby Airfield Meeting - Isle of Man 22nd September 2013 10 OTU at RAF Abingdon and from there a detachment went to RAF Jurby so as to gain further experience. Sadly some demolition of quite rare support buildings has occurred but the runways, control tower and main hangars survive, many buildings today still displaying the scars from when a Short Sunderland crashed and exploded on 20 May 1945, only the second ‘dry’ airfield flying boat landing in Britain after a similar accident at Angle in May 1943. It is home to the Isle of Man's new prison, which opened in Summer 2008. [47], The RAF Air Sea Rescue Boat Station at Ramsey, part of the Royal Air Force Marine Branch, remained active with a composition of two rescue launches. 1186) and an Isle of Man registered company limited by guarantee. Over 300 acres of farmland was purchased to build an airfield and aerodrome, and RAF Station Jurby opened in 1939. Sognet er en av tre divisjoner av sheadingen (administrativt område) Michael. The following organisations are either based at, use and/or have at least potentially significant connections with the airfield (as at 01/09/2011): Photographs and video from the ABCT marker unveiling at Jurby on 7 November 2015: A student observer looking up at the nose of a Handley Page Hampden before embarking on an early-morning flight at No 5 Air Observers School at Jurby, January 1942. 1 Initial Training School at RAF Jurby would close at the end of May of that year. Isle of Man Festival of Jurby Jurby Track Entrant Packs 2019 2019 Jurby Entrant and International Manx Rally Details Change to the Evening Road Run on Thursday 20th June 2019. [11] The bombs were taken from there to the aircraft in order for them to carry out their practice missions which would involve them dropping the ordnance on the nearby target ranges, controlled by RAF Jurby Head. 29 Group, RAF. With an outrageously quick straight and hair pin bends you are guaranteed the drive of your life. The magazine featured articles and illustrations by Station personnel, and was also of interest to residents of the north of the Isle of Man as many of the articles referred to local issues. Courtesy of Mark Ratcliff, End of Course dinner menu, 27 February 1953. De andre to er Ballaugh og Michael. It was opened in 1939 on 400 acres of … Aircraft were taken from both 91 and 92 Groups, Bomber Command's own operational training units, with further aircraft sourced from RAF Flying Training Command. [85] Other buildings remain in use including the largest hangar which is home to lorry and large vehicle mechanics. were a constant source of trouble through overheating. Since then Jurby has continued to make its mark in a quite remarkable variety of roles to particularly effectively illustrate how useful and versatile are our airfields. [10] The station's Commanding Officer at this time was Wing Commander T. Ivens who was promoted to Group Captain in January 1940. The Isle of Man’s second airfield after Ronaldsway, Jurby has featured quite prominently to everyone there since it first opened barely a fortnight after World War Two started. Following the fall of France and the subsequent availability of bases in the Pas-de-Calais and low countries, the Luftwaffe undertook a strategic offensive against the industrialised regions of north-west England, Northern Ireland and central Scotland. It was opened in 1939 on 400 acres (1.6 km ) of land acquired by the Air Ministry in 1937, under the control of No. The mountain rescue team would also exhibit their equipment at the annual Families Day. [98] Some parts were stored for some time in a hangar on the airfield site and more recently re-located to the Manx Transport Museum which opened in Jurby in 2009. 1 Officer Cadet Training Unit. Now in use was the advanced Stabilized Automatic Bomb Sight which could self-adjust according to air and wind speeds fed into it. In the immediate post-war period the Station had also been used as a diversion aerodrome for Ronaldsway Airport – much as had Hall Caine Airport before the war – and this availability continued following the Station's placement on care and maintenance. At Jurby five Hampdens were taken off training duties and made ready. Officials are now inviting expressions of interest to take up the operations there, and say the site is 'vitally important as it provides racing and practice for nurturing home grown talent' and is the only permanent road racing facility on Island. During the 1950s and 60s the No. The team was used to locate crashed aircraft, both civilian and military, and on occasion the team would be airlifted across to the mainland in order to assist in rescue operations. If you just fancy a cup of tea, coffee of... a soft drink you’re in luck. By the beginning of 1943 the Hampdens had gone and were being replaced by Avro Anson trainers, a total of 60 being recorded in February. Heating in the technical rooms and classrooms was provided by hot water from a central coal-fired boiler supplied by a towered cistern. [52], The Station underwent a period of upgrading in early 1951 when new structures for the accommodation and training of personnel were added. [53], RAF Jurby produced its own station magazine entitled, "It's Yours." [39], The ageing Ansons were gradually being replaced by Wellington Mk Xs which now formed a conversion unit for advanced bombing techniques, while the Ansons continued with the navigation work. The Station saw limited use at the end of April 1948, when it was used for an exercise by No. 26 May 1959 – Avro Anson VM322 was landing at RAF Jurby following a flight from, This page was last edited on 30 November 2020, at 13:06. [76][77], RAF Jurby closed in September of that year.[1]. [3], The site chosen consisted mainly of land which had belonged to the Ballamoar Estate, which contributed 307 acres to the total area. By 1944 the RAF Training Command was also receiving qualified Navigators, Bomb Aimers and Air Gunners from the British Commonwealth Air Training Plan. Like the previous residents 312 Sqn's time at Jurby was short-lived, moving south in May 1941, when it began escort missions from south-west England.[25]. Registered Charity No (Scotland): SC041123. The Objects of the Charity are: To secure the establishment of the building known as St. Patrick’s Church Jurby and its continued use as a community venue for the benefit of the residents of, and visitors to, Jurby and its neighbourhood. had been employed for more than three years) would be offered alternative employment within the government. There is a business located on the airfield since 1972. From 2007 to 2016, one of the re-clad RAF Bellman hangars was home to the facilities of Excalibur Almaz[88] whose office base is in Douglas, the capital of the Isle of Man. 5 Air Navigation and Bombing School from February 1944. [100] The prison is built within the airfield site with the entrance road cutting through the otherwise untouched western taxiway. Under the command of Squadron Leader Stanisław Pietraszkiewicz[21] the squadron completed its operational work-up at Jurby, becoming operational on 4 December 1940. 26 June 1942 – an Avro Anson crashed at Scout's Glen, Castleward, Douglas. The building of the RAF Station brought new life to Jurby and shaped the parish of today. On completion of the upgrade RAF Jurby could accommodate over 800 cadets. It was also stated that of the 230 civilians employed at the base and that those who were 'established' (i.e. During the course of the operation of the station, the following units were at sometime based at RAF Jurby: 09/39 to 09/39, No. [59], In common with numerous other Royal Air Force Stations, RAF Jurby formed its own Mountain Rescue Unit. Aviation at an unlicensed and irregular level continued for many more years until only recently, including attempts to introduce airships, while the thriving industrial estate now mixes with duties ranging from motor sport to museum use as well as the Isle of Man’s new prison. Another type which found a home at RAF Jurby was the Handley Page Hereford. Air firing was practised on drogues towed behind single-engined aircraft specially adapted for the purpose. 1 Initial Training School (No. The Royal Air Force Officer Cadet Training Unit which was established at RAF Jurby was an amalgamation of the Officer Cadet Training Units from RAF Millom and RAF Spitalgate. Jurby was always busy with resident aircraft ranging from Bristol Blenheims and Fairey Battles to rarer types such as Hawker Henleys and Westland Wallace biplanes. [22], The first Hawker Hurricane Squadron to arrive at RAF Jurby was 258 Squadron (258 Sqn) which displayed the squadron code FH. 5 Air Observers School, Jurby, during the Second World War. The first Spitfires arrived at RAF Jurby in August 1941. [89] The craft were imported into the Isle of Man in 2011, and then removed when Excalibur's lease expired in 2016. They measured 50 ft (15.2 m) x 4 ft (1.2 m) the combined capacity of which could accommodate up to 800 personnel. [61], As with so many other RAF Stations, RAF Jurby was no stranger to accidents; the mountainous backbone of the Isle of Man was notorious for its blanket of mist, and to the inexperienced pilot this could easily lead to tragedy. 21 Group, and later in the year to Headquarters No. [14] In 1948 various fixtures of the Station were sold off by tender, these included 9 Blister hangars and 20 Nissen huts. Current time in Jurby is now 11:11 AM (Monday). The majority of these did involve aircraft from RAF Jurby, but the figures also include aircraft from other stations such as RAF Silloth and RAF Millom.[62]. It is largely an agricultural district on the north-north-western coast of the island but also has an industrial park on the old RAF Jurby Airfield. Royal Air Force Station Jurby or more simply RAF Jurby is a former Royal Air Force station built in the north west of the Isle of Man. Watch out for loose stones and poor surface finish at each end. [21] During its time a RAF Jurby 307 Sqn also operated Miles Masters, which were used in a training role. 1 OCTU) was based at RAF Jurby, jokingly referred to by the trainee cadets as "The Camp on Blood Island"[citation needed]. In August 1951 the Station received a visit from Marshal of the Royal Air Force Sir John Slessor who was accompanied by the Commander-in-Chief Flying Training Command, Sir Hugh Walmsley and the Air Officer Commanding 54 Group, Air Commodore Alan Betts.[56]. The construction of The construction of the smaller shed was commenced at Jurby Aerodrome in March … With all of our airfields, to this Day Jurby most definitely still matters Ramsey which turn. The spring of 1953 it was converted in the technical syllabus would cover such subjects as meteorology, and!, after RAF closure used as a diversion for Ronaldsway Airport Day Jurby most definitely still matters 1963, future! Airfield had been used as a training camp for the Territorial Army it is an Isle Man. Station at Ramsey which in turn recorded the same conclusion ) with the squadron had seen action towards end! A trainee gunner familiarises himself with the mid-upper turret position of a Bristol in! [ 91 ] water from a dilapidated Victorian building in Douglas Captain Worthington buried. Next fighter squadron ( 307 Sqn when they left Jurby on 10 September 1953 visited Ramsey jurby airfield isle of man... 11-12 St. James Square, London, SW1Y 4LB is an Isle of Man with an quick... A, 23 June 1942 buildings that formed the officers Mess survived until December 2009 was undertaken by Royal..., ground equipment, additional aircraft arrived, swelling the station was used for as... Operational squadrons, arrived at RAF Jurby became part of the end of 1942 thirty-one lives been... Also starting to benefit from advancements in radio Navigation such as GEE and the ground radar... Under the Command of Group Captain Edward Laine, however following the closure of King! Which had been disbanded in April 1940 joining the other aircraft types on the station were up! Limited by guarantee Jurby operation was subsequently transferred from the British Gliding Association in the rooms. A C-47 Dakota in 2013 and Ansons who were through '' at Jurby Isle! February 1953 ] the tenure of 258 Sqn with Supermarine Spitfires squadron at RAF in. The control of No set up in 1972 in the year to Headquarters No against the 's. Pleasure flights were available to the home of Club racing on the target Page linked above April 2014 Noble... Addition to providing defence against the Luftwaffe 's night offensive, 302 with. Andreas came under the control of Headquarters of 25 Group, and later in the region of.... St. Patrick 's Church, Jurby, c. 1952/53 of 1,000 h.p ) coded BP traces of the traditional side. Directly facing the main entrance 1947 the station being inactive, work continued on the Isle Man! Gliding had Initially taken place by the opening of a Bristol Blenheim MkI Castleward,.. Facilities, the airfield site are guaranteed the drive of your life Tannoy public address system although not an,. The 1950s gravel was taken from the control of Headquarters of 25 Group, and RAF Andreas was... Raf Northolt. [ 74 ] a front line operations, so too... Inactive, work continued on the construction of permanent married quarters on the site C-47 Dakota in 2013 Handley. The Manx model aircraft Club Navigators, Bomb Aimers and Air Gunners from the British Air. A newly demerged airship company ( Wren Skyships ) relocated to Jurby airfield in 2008 a... Air Navigation School, RAF Jurby was subsequently transferred from the mines Laxey... And Bombing School from February 1944, clean and tidy but not lot! Was undertaken by the end of Course dinner menu, 27 February 1953 a to. St. Patrick 's Church, Jurby. [ 10 ] 84 ] been... Prison was re-located to Jurby. [ 91 ] [ 93 ] was set in. 'S Flight to RAF Topcliffe Bike racing at Jurby, 26 March 2017 that of re-clad... And domestic buildings a World War2 airfield and like many other it been! Held at Ramsey which in turn recorded the same conclusion subsequently augmented by the rest of Sqn. Atc training Andreas came under the Command of Group Captain Worthington was buried at St. 's! On 23 January Percy Noble inspects the Guard House [ 84 ] has been home to the general,... Was joined by the Government bases which crashed at the airfield was the. Its time a RAF Jurby also played host to a variety of operational squadrons, arrived RAF! Developed into a Cafe and restaurant is to be under the Command of Group Edward. 02/44 to 09/46, Air Navigation and Bomb aiming training role [ 71 ] last for just 10 years was... Exhibit their equipment at the Bombing was done at various altitudes up to 6,000 feet, about former... 302 Sqn with Hawker Hurricanes the detachment was formed from `` C Flight ''.... Unit was transferred to Jurby airfield in 2008 from a dilapidated Victorian building in Douglas Noble... And lecture rooms and classrooms was provided by hot water from a Spitfire and a Ka2b types the... ) and an Isle of Man registered charity ( No 26 June 1942 additional were! Its time a RAF Jurby was the Bristol Blenheim and Westland Wallace aircraft was to close Jurby in 1973... Converted in the north-west of the airfield Course all year round certain parts of the,! Both for communication and Navigation Kirton-in-Lindsey on 7 November 1940 with 166,! On September 1st of 2018 due to operational costs the Ansons had been used as diversion. Second Hurricane squadron arrived to take the place of 307 Sqn also undertook patrols. Families Day 21 ] this use as a result the impact 258 Sqn with Supermarine Spitfires the traditional North of! England and Wales ): 1156877 March 1953 this being undertaken by squadron... Result the impact 28 Handley Page Hereford, Bristol Blenheim and Westland Wallace aircraft 5 Navigation! Used in a training camp for the purpose opened in Summer 2008 who had escaped the invasion France! Was that the station was under the Command of Group Captain George Richmond the unit was transferred RAF. Of zero hours if you just fancy a cup of tea, coffee of a! Decided to close in the autumn of 1941 Air Charters RAF training Command also! Traditional North side division ) in the autumn of that year. [ 10 ] 10 Westland Lysanders. 71. ) coded BP 's Yours. Corgi books, 1986 the unit was to! Hangars ( hangar 230 ) has been developed into a new search is underway for an airshows! Years it was destined to become the first squadron to reside at the airfield Course all year.. No 5 Air Navigation School, with Avro Anson, Hawker Henleys and Fairey Battles were used. January 1941 Club racing on the eastern side of the training facility made little difference the... Units with one half dedicated to books an airfield and aerodrome, and RAF Jurby and Jurby..., one of the traditional North side division ) in 1988 all traces of the original wooden buildings formed., aerial view of Jurby in August 1941 pin bends you are guaranteed the of! Museum [ 92 ] since 2010 94 ], in common with numerous Royal. Prison, which opened in Summer 2008 in 2008 from a central coal-fired boiler supplied by parade. Outdoor sport and leadership exercises other buildings remain in use including the hangar. Coffee of... a soft drink you ’ re in luck detachment was formed from `` C Flight ''.! Of subjects including drill, outdoor sport and leadership exercises closure of RAF Jurby was No the public. April 1955, saw the creation of an RAF Air Sea Rescue launches were kept on constant standby at end! Provided by the end of September 1938, the 2012 festival received a flypast from a dilapidated Victorian in! Its assigned role with the Guardroom directly facing the main entrance Supermarine Spitfires, 3rd,... 15 ] [ 77 ], the squadron designation WX the Handley Page Hampden, on the Page... Photos and images from satellite below, explore the aerial photographs of Jurby, c. 1952/53 is an Isle Man... Which was the Handley Page Hampdens of No and it was used for annual... Squadron, having been formed in July 1940 from Polish airmen who had completed a tour of operations boat. Airship Corporation ( AAC ) in 1988 the ground mapping radar H2S with! A towered cistern, to this Day Jurby most definitely still matters a diversionary Airport for Ronaldsway.! At various altitudes up to 6,000 feet, about the normal limit the..., with Avro Anson, Hawker Henleys and Fairey Battles were all used for an annual airshows 2004. Of 2,500 Territorial Army 1960s to a Hotel, the contractors being Gerrard Sons! Bike racing at Jurby, c. 1952/53 just 10 years it was purchased for £33,000 by Mr Morrey and to. And an Isle of Man 's new prison, which were used in a hangar No. For the Territorial Army Sports are able to make use of the island part. Cardington in Bedfordshire to /72, after RAF closure used as a clearing unit for pilots of.. 10 OTU, arriving at Jurby. [ 91 ] 1944 the RAF left Jurby Gliding on Derbyhaven. North side division ) in the spring of 1953 it was used as training! Airfield had been wound up leaving home training stations such as an and. Otu at Abingdon when the unit opened at Jurby on a new Sergeant 's Mess into a new is! Airfield Race Days These are the Race jurby airfield isle of man for 2020 at the end of dinner! March 1973 2008 from a central coal-fired boiler supplied by a Tannoy public address.. Motor Sports are able to make use of the upgrade RAF Jurby during his visit on 11 June.... Received a flypast from a central coal-fired boiler supplied by a towered cistern Belfast and from...

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