garden wall bond

The bond’s alternating stretchers (sides of brick) and headers (ends of brick) form … What the British describe as garden wall bond is a functional bond related to English bond, consisting of a course of headers alternating with three courses of stretchers. Dating from 1737, the Van Alen house has straight parapet gables, a common feature of Dutch Colonial houses. (Figure 11) This process gives the bricks absolute uniformity. For many, brickwork is a mundane subject, but much of America’s and indeed Europe’s traditional architecture is built of brick, a material that can lend great character to a building. If the stretchers are used in consequent courses for a number of times (3,5,7) and then followed by header course then it is English Garden Wall Bond. Because English bond is somewhat stronger than Flemish bond, it commonly is reserved for foundations in 18th-century buildings, but with Flemish bond in the main surfaces above. We often identify it more specifically by its number of stretcher courses, e.g. (Figure 5)  Above the water table is handsome Flemish bond with glazed headers. Every alternate course contains a quoin header followed by a ¾ brick bat. A brick construction pattern with alternate courses of brick laid as stretchers and headers forms an English bond. English bond continued to be favored for secondary walls on 18th-century dwellings, particularly in Charleston, South Carolina, but its use passed out of fashion in Virginia in the century’s early decades. Garden Wall Bonds • History: Garden wall bonds are variations of the English Bond and the Flemish Bond that have developed over time. A stretcher is the long face of the brick as seen in the elevation. In his bricklayers’ price book of 1749, Batty Langley declared header bond to be the most beautiful and the strongest of the bonds. 2. (Figure 16)  For want of a better term, we can define it as English bond with Flemish variant. Garden-Wall Bond is the name given to a description of bond much used for 9-inch walls when a fair face is required on both sides. 7- Garden wall bond. The simplest to lay, and therefore the most common, the bricks are laid flat long side to the face of the wall. Flemish bond, i.e. Figure 4: Lynnhaven House, Virginia Beach, Virginia (Loth). Looking for mixed garden wall bond? The reduction in the number of through headers does to an extent weaken the through bond of the brickwork. The 17th-century Amsterdam example shown here is slightly irregular, but the diagonal patterning of the mortar joints is evident. (Figure 22)  Since header bond is considered a luxury treatment, the masons resorted to English bond for the Brice house secondary walls, and to Flemish bond for the façades of its attached dependencies. As we see in the detail photograph, English bond is essentially a functional bond rather than a decorative one. Bricks are typically laid to an offsetpattern to maintain an adequate lap between joints from one course to the next and to ensure that vertical joints are not positioned above one another on consecutive courses. Very broadly, bricks can be laid as soldiers (standing upright), stretchers (laid lengthwise along the wall) or headers (laid width wise along the wall). Figure 23: Golsan House, Richmond, Virginia (Loth). Garden wall bonds are designed specifically to reduce the number of through headers to minimise the labour in selecting bricks of roughly the same length for use as headers. Too many contemporary traditional works miss the mark by relying on commercial veneers, in either a running bond or a lackluster Flemish bond. x 7 in. Garden walls built using English bond are one brick wide. Header bond One course of flemish to three stretchers courses. Winter Blend Concrete Garden Wall Block (144 Pcs. In contrast to English bond, garden wall bond, or even haphazard bonds, which are functional bonds, Flemish bond is a decorative bond, one that lends visual quality to a wall surface. Five- and seven-course American bond became standard for secondary walls throughout the 19th century and into the 20th century. All rights reserved. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line. English bond produces a stronger wall, although Flemish bond tended to be considered the more aesthetically pleasing. However, the side walls, though somewhat disfigured by later repointing and whitewash, are in a bond not identified in standard brickwork reference books. The firm of Peebles and Ferguson chose to use English bond for the Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, completed in 1936. Rat-trap bond, also known as Chinese bond, is a type of garden wall bond in which the stretchers and headers are laid on their sides, with the base of the stretcher facing outwards. Flemish Bond, Double And Single; Heading Bond; Stretching Bond, And Garden-Wall Bond Double Flemish Bond The appearance of double Flemish bond is shown in Fig. It normally has an uneven number of stretcher courses to prevent alignment of vertical joints. A flemish bond is a brick construction pattern that consists of alternate stretchers and headers for each course. Moreover, knowledge of brickwork styles and their histories adds greatly to our enjoyment of observing buildings of the past. Not infrequently, English header bond consists of all glazed headers, giving the wall a bluish cast, a strong contrast to the bright red rubbed-brick dressings around the openings. Bonding is the arrangement of bricks in a structure such as a wall or column. Flemish bond may be varied by increasing the number of stretchers between headers in each course. The bond here has its headers vertically aligned, creating vertical stripes in the wall surface. Dating from 1665, the cross-shaped mansion features curvilinear gables and diagonally set chimneystacks—hallmarks of the Jacobean style. Flemish Garden Wall Bond English Garden Wall Bond is a simple variation of English bond, where the header courses are separated either 3 or 4 courses of stretchers. One of Virginia’s most cunning colonial churches is Yeocomico Church, completed ca. Dutch cross Bond experienced a revival in the early 20th century, and is found in some of the period’s more sophisticated Colonial and Georgian Revival works. English Garden Wall Bond Three rows of stretchers to one row of headers. (Figure 4) Constructed in 1724, the compact but finely crafted residence has scattered glazed headers enlivening the wall surfaces. This bond is used for curved surfaces in work such as well lining or well foundation etc. Lernen Sie die Übersetzung für 'garden wall bond' in LEOs Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch. This is very rarely found on buildings outside the north, where it is abundant and particularly prevalent on the east coast. Flemish garden wall bond definition is - a masonry bond in which all courses consist of one header to three or four stretchers, the courses breaking joints in a variety of patterns. / 24.5 Face ft. / Pallet). Brick bonds The way the bricks fit together in a wall is called the bond, and it creates the visible pattern on the surface of the wall. (Figure 15) The second stories flanking the central porch tower date from the 19th  century, probably constructed as repairs following a fire. Which brand has the largest assortment of garden wall blocks at The Home Depot? Figure 6: Virginia Museum of Fine Arts, Richmond, Virginia (Loth) Figure 7: Virginia Museum, 1954 addition (Loth). English garden wall bond This bond has three courses of stretchers between every course of headers. What is the best rated garden wall blocks product? (Figure 19) In England, header bond exists chiefly on 18th-century buildings in the southern counties. Find the perfect english garden wall bond stock photo. It produces an interesting and fairly economical wall. In the Victorian period a number of other bonds were developed including more economical, but less stable, garden wall versions of English and Flemish bond. Thank you for subscribing to the ICAA's newsletter. English bond was the standard brick bond for English buildings and structures beginning in the late Middle Ages. [iv]  Langley illustrated how the bond is crafted—by alternating half bricks with whole bricks, the latter laid perpendicular to wall face to provide the bond. (Figure 20), Figure 19: Plate 1 (detail), Batty Langley, The London Prices of Bricklayers Materials and Works (London, 1749) Figure 20: 18th-century house, Cathedral Close, Winchester, England (Loth). (Figure 7) Subsequent additions are of different styles and materials. A typical example is the early 18th-century house on the Winchester Cathedral Close. (Figure 13)  Here we see a continuation of this Dutch construction technique in an authentic Dutch Colonial dwelling in the Hudson Valley. Figure 21: Brice House, Annapolis, Maryland (Loth) Figure 22: Brice House brickwork detail (Loth). With this bond you will note that a piece about 5 (Figure 8) However, the wall to the east (right) of the porch appears to be the result of combat between masons who couldn’t agree on which bond to use. (Figure 6) The firm intended for the museum’s James Gibbs-style design to reflect Virginia’s English heritage, an objective carried through to the brickwork. [i] In this country, we generally refer to this bond as common bond or American bond. 59. Various 20th-century architects recognized English bond as a design resource, and it is not uncommon to find English bond on informed traditional buildings of the 1920s and ‘30s. Since pressed bricks are not the same dimension as the place bricks, they frequently are bonded to the side walls with a quoining system. Usual garden wall bonds are three courses of stretchers to every one course of headers in English garden wall bond and one header to every three stretchers in Flemish garden wall bond, as illustrated in Fig. Garden wall bond; 1. (Figure 2)  The walls of Bacon’s Castle are laid entirely in English bond. English Bond comprises a row of stretchers followed by a row of headers. The bond’s alternating stretchers (sides of brick) and headers (ends of brick) form a pleasingly patterned regularity, requiring skill to execute. The Golsan house header bond is possibly a unique use of this brickwork style on a 20th-century work. Header bond In this bond, all the bricks are laid all headers. Laying stretchers uses up fewer bricks than laying headers however it is also less strong hence its use in traditional walled gardens and other modest structures. Flemish garden wall bond o. Header. Flemish Bond Brick Walls english bond - stretcher bond Garden walls built using Flemish bond are one bricks wide. headers alternating with stretchers in every course to create a checkered pattern, became the preferred bond for high-style 18th-century buildings in both Europe and America. Mit Flexionstabellen der verschiedenen Fälle und Zeiten Aussprache und relevante Diskussionen Kostenloser Vokabeltrainer Apps This consists of what appears as English bond except that every header has a vertical mortar joint centered above it and a stretcher brick centered below it, and vice versa, so that it creates a diagonal crisscrossing of stepped patterns in the mortar joints throughout the wall. The majority of 17th- and 18th-century houses in Amsterdam are laid in what is termed Dutch cross bond (or in England—English cross bond.) (Figure 18) The random glazing in headers and stretchers enhances the wall’s visual character. As for the header bond, we don’t know whether Bottomley was referencing the brickwork of southern England or Annapolis. Senior Architectural Historian, Virginia Department of Historic Resources Member of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art Advisory Council. If there are three stretchers alternating with a header, it is known as "garden wall" bond. Façades, by contrast, were faced with denser, finer-quality brick. In garden wall bond, it is possible to build uniform faces for a wall without much labour or expense. There is also a 'Scottish Bond' featuring 5 courses of stretchers between courses of headers. Because it requires a skilled mason to lay it properly, it appears only sporadically, but it’s always a treat to observe. The venerable English bond and its variants can be useful alternatives. 1740 church of St. Mary’s Whitechapel, which has English bond in the area below the water table and extending below grade to the footings. (Figure 23)  Bottomley based the house’s elaborate doorway on early Georgian doorways found in the Salisbury Cathedral Close. This creates a shallow shelf called a water table. A brick garden single skin wall which is 1m high by 4m long will approximately cost around £650, whereas a 1m high and 12m long wall will cost around £1,400. Calculation Methods for the SAP for dwellings. The lower courses start with fairly regular Flemish bond, but proceeding upwards, the brickwork morphs into a struggle between Flemish and English, then tops off with courses of irregular English. Garden wall bond synonyms, Garden wall bond pronunciation, Garden wall bond translation, English dictionary definition of Garden wall bond. Ventilation - comfort and good health in buildings. This type of bond is not so strong as English bond and its use is restricted to the construction of dwarf walls or other similar types of walls which are not subjected to large stresses. Distribute loads throughout the structureto achieve maxi… The façade’s original sections are laid in a standard Flemish bond with glazed headers. Find out information about mixed garden wall bond. In the brick of size 190 mm × 90 mm × 90 mm, 190 mm × 90 mm face is the stretcher. The photograph also shows the slight thickening of the foundation, necessary to provide support for the upper stories. Fire safety (Means of scape,limit internal fire sp... Durability an freedom form maintenance - Walls. In contrast to English bond, garden wall bond, or even haphazard bonds, which are functional bonds, Flemish bond is a decorative bond, one that lends visual quality to a wall surface. Share Alamy images with your team and customers. 1- Stretcher bond. Civiconcepts - English Garden Wall Bond Civiconcepts - English Garden Wall Bond Skip to content Civiconcepts Make Your House Perfect with us Subscribe to Blog via Email Join 6,854 other subscribers. Semi-rigid damp-proof courses - Mastic asphalt. © 2020 Institute of Classical Architecture & Art. It continued to be the bond of choice for utilitarian structures and secondary walls from the mid-17th century on, but was supplanted in the 18th century by the more decorative Flemish bond for primary elevations. The masons were evidently proud of this mishmash since fifteen sets of workmen’s initials are inscribed in the bricks below the cornice. 1706. While not as decorative as Flemish bond, it can lend an air of solidity and virility to a wall surface. Consevation of fuel and Power Standard assessment... Resistance to the passage of heat - Walls. The technique or work of constructing with bricks and mortar. n. 1. The garden wall bond can either be done in English garden wall bond or Flemish garden wall bond. One of America’s earliest surviving uses of English bond is found on Virginia’s Bacon’s Castle, our singular High-Jacobean plantation house. Stretcher. Nevertheless, the brickwork, given sparkle here with scattered glazed headers, adds particular distinction to this patrician residence. (Figure 12) Dutch bricks are exceptionally thin: usually 1½ inches thick, as opposed to the typical English or American brick, which is generally 3 inches thick. Garden wall bonds are designed specifically to reduce the number of through headers to minimise the labour in selecting bricks of roughly the same length for use as headers. Also called Garden wall bond but despite the name, most garden walls are built in flemish or stretcher bond. Garden Wall Monk Bond: This is special type of garden – wall flemish bondin which eac h course contains one header after two successive stretchers. In America, header bond is a hallmark of several of the finer colonial houses in Annapolis, Maryland, but is found practically nowhere else. In this country, we generally refer to this bond as common bond or American bond. However, care should be taken to break vertical joints. Synonyms for Garden wall bond in Free Thesaurus. This month’s Classical Comments essay deals with a personally favorite subject—historic brickwork, more specifically English bond and related versions. THIS WEEK WE RE BUILD A GARDEN WALL IN NEW BRICK AND PUT ON SOME NICE CHARCOAL COPINGS ON TOP . Although scarce, other colonial-period examples of Dutch cross bond exist in the New York area, but its use was unknown elsewhere in the colonies. The term is derived from the fact that chimney haunches in England were often covered with flat ceramic roofing tiles. Portions of its walls exhibit standard Flemish bond with glazed headers. x 7 in. Figure 14: Manning Hall, University of North Carolina, Chapel Hill (Loth). Brick bondingpatterns: 1. Sign up to receive information and announcements about upcoming programming, awards, and more. The famed architectural firm of McKim, Mead & White realized the effectiveness of interesting brickwork and specified Dutch cross bond for its complex of Georgian Revival buildings at the University of North Carolina. Figure 15: Foster’s Castle, New Kent County, Virginia (Loth) Figure 16: Foster’s Castle east wall brickwork (Loth), Ever recognizing the decorative potentials of diverse brick bonds, McKim, Mead & White incorporated English bond with Flemish variant in the 1928 Cohen Memorial Hall at Peabody College, Nashville. Figure 2: Bacon’s Castle, Surry County, Virginia (Loth) Figure 3: Bacon’s Castle brickwork detail (Loth). In the brick of size 190 mm × 90 mm × 90 mm, 190 mm × 90 mm face is the stretcher. We find a distinctive and very rare variation on English bond on Foster’s Castle, a much-altered ca. 1700 Virginia manor house. Stretcher bond, also called as running bond, is created when bricks are laid with only their stretchers showing, overlapping midway with the courses of bricks below and above. 121, in which it will be seen that in each course headers and stretchers alternate, the face of the headers coming centrally above the faces of the stretchers in the course below. (Figure 17)  This unusual but aesthetically effective bond became a signature motif for other buildings in the Peabody campus complex. In the case of one-brick walls in English or Flemish bond, the variation in l. Bricks tend to vary in size and the most significant variation is usually in their length rather than any other dimension. It was used from the late 18thcentury onwards, and was also used occasionally for garden walls. Quarter-round molded bricks cap the water table. The Dutch cross bond creates a strong lattice patterning in the end wall. Figure 11: 1890s townhouse, Richmond, Virginia (Loth). English bond consists of courses of stretchers (sides of bricks) alternating with courses of headers (ends of bricks) throughout a wall surface. (Figure 14) The example shown is a detail of the 1923 Manning Hall, designed by Arthur Nash, the firm’s supervisor architect for the project. Garden wall bond is a wall built with 1 brick thick size and having fair finish on both the sides. In 'true' bonds headers must be exactly the right length If the wall Is to have a fair face both sides. (Figure 1), Figure 1: Post-Medieval warehouses, King’s Lynn, Norfolk, England (Loth). What are synonyms for Garden wall bond? What the British describe as garden wall bond is a functional bond related to English bond, consisting of a course of headers alternating with three courses of stretchers. The typical height of a garden wall is between 1 - 2 metres and the price increases if a longer fence is required with single or double skin thickness. With a straight wall this is not a problem, it's just alternate courses of headers and stretchers with each joint on the stretcher course centred on … No need to register, buy now! mixed garden wall bond In brickwork, a bond similar to English garden wall bond, except that the course of headers is replaced by one What the British describe as garden wall bond is a functional bond related to English bond, consisting of a course of headers alternating with three courses of stretchers. For the standard English garden wall bond, headers are used as quoins for the middle stretching course in order to generate The name is sometimes applied to a wall composed of three or four courses of stretchers Fig. Figure 10: Short House, Newbury, Massachusetts (Loth). Figure 13: Luykas Van Alen House, Kinderhook, New York (Virginia Department of Historic Resources). We often identify it more specifically by its number of stretcher courses, e.g. In garden wall bonds, with their fewer headers, waste Is reduced. Pavestone has the largest assortment of garden wall blocks. Huge collection, amazing choice, 100+ million high quality, affordable RF and RM images. three-course, five-course, or seven-course American bond. Garden wall bond may also be laid with four or English Garden Wall Bond As we said earlier, you can identify the English bond extension by examining the first three bricks on the second course as HCH ( H eader, C losure & H eader). Figure 5: St. Mary’s Whitechapel, Lancaster County, Virginia (Loth). Resistance to weather and ground moisture - Walls. In order to maintain architectural consistency, the building’s 1954 and 1970 additions made use of English bond matching the 1936 section. This consists of continuous courses of headers throughout the wall surface. I hope the examples shown here will encourage present-day architects and builders to recognize the enhancing potentials of different styles of brickwork. Their precise edges allowed for thin, tooled joints, sometimes colored with brick dust. 133. Walls, such as garden walls, that are to be finished fairface both sides and built 1 B thick are often built in one of the garden wall bonds. Garden wall bonds are easier to lay. We see a typical example of early English bond in the walls of a row of post-Medieval Hanseatic League warehouses in King’s Lynn, a historic port in Norfolk, England. English Garden Wall Bond. These bond variations were referred to as Garden Wall Bonds because these patterns at the time where used only on the rear elevation of the house or the garden side of the house and for outdoor garden walls. English garden wall bond English garden wall bond The decorative English garden wall bond has three courses of stretchers between every course of headers, often in a different colour. Nevertheless, we sometime see Flemish bond employed below the water table, but because of the thickness of a foundation, the bond will transist to English on the foundation’s interior face. IY WAS BUILT IN ENGLISH GARDEN WALL BOND AND WAS A … (Figure 10) American bond was not used in Virginia prior to the 1780s, and then it was mostly restricted to secondary walls with Flemish bond being employed for the façade. In stretcher bond masonry all the bricks are arranged in stretcher courses as shown in Fig-1. If the stretchers are used in consequent courses for a number of times (3,5,7) and then followed by header course then it is English Garden Wall Bond. New England examples of three-course common or American bond can date from the early 18th century as seen in the end walls of the ca. Definition of English garden wall bond : a masonry bond employing three courses of stretchers to one of headers (Figure 9) The upper courses attempt to fake Flemish bond by alternating glazed headers with non-glazed ones. Stretcher bond. As we said earlier, you can identify the English bond extension by examining the first three bricks on the second course as HCH (Header, Closure & Header). Figure 8: Yeocomico Church, Westmoreland County, Virginia (Loth) Figure 9: Yeocomico Church, south wall (Loth). [ii] The crisscrossing of the joints adds liveliness to the wall. The haunches of the massive end chimneys have tiled weatherings—bricks laid flat on the chimney slopes or haunches. Garden Spider garden tile garden wall bond garden wall cross bond Garden, Alexander garden, enclosed Garden, Hugh Garden, Mary Garden, Nancy Gardena Gardena, Val Gardener gardenia gardening garderobe Gardez Gardiner 20 West 44th Street, Suite 310, New York, NY 10036, What We're Watching: Architecture and Design in Film. 2.30. Material for damp-proof courses above ground. As with any wall built of brick, no two adjacent vertical joints should be in line. English garden wall bond is really a modification of another bond and it consists of one course of headers to three of stretchers. English Garden Wall bond is often found on side and rear elevations. 7- Garden wall bond 1- Stretcher bond A stretcher is the long face of the brick as seen in the elevation. [i] In this country, we generally refer to this bond as common bond or American bond. A striking early use of Dutch cross bond in America is the Luykas Van Alen house near Kinderhook, New York. bricklaying (garden wall English bond) A garden wall in English bond can be a very durable wall but queen closers will be required A queen closer is a brick thats been cut in half along the length of the brick as opposed to a half bat We see this done here with seven-course American bond. I should note that a previous Classicist Blog essay, posted December 1, 2011, was devoted to Flemish bond. English bond and Flemish bond are the two most common brick masonry patterns used in wall construction. (Figure 21) Header bond extends below the Brice house water table where it is interspersed with sections of rubble stone, a strikingly brawny effect. It thus behooves architects and building aficionados to be aware of the full palette of brickwork styles along with their histories and regional variations. By sharing your email, you agree to the Privacy Policy and Terms of Use. Brickwork is everywhere and has much to tell us. 1732 Short house in Newbury, Massachusetts. If there are two stretchers between headers, it is designated as "double stretcher garden wall" bond. Longer narrow face of the brick is called as stretcher as shown in the elevation of figure below. Figure 12: Late 17th-century brickwork, Amsterdam, Netherlands (Loth). The talented New York architect, William Lawrence Bottomley, recognized the special character of header bond and incorporated it in the façade of the Golsan house, begun in 1916 on Richmond’s Monument Avenue. [iii], Figure 17: Cohen Hall, Peabody College, Nashville, Tennessee (Loth) Figure 18: Cohen Hall brickwork detail (Loth), Another rare but visually arresting variation on English bond is header bond or all-header bond. The pattern consists of a course of stretchers alternating with a course of alternating stretchers and headers, as in Flemish bond. The side and rear walls of most townhouses were built with place bricks—rougher, cheaper bricks, which were mortared with plain flush joints instead of carefully tooled ones. Typical is the ca. (Figure 3) The somewhat coarse quality of the brickwork adds to Bacon’s Castle’s venerable character. The best rated garden wall blocks product is the SplitRock Medium 3.5 in. A rare example of an early 18th-century Virginia dwelling incorporating English bond throughout is the Lynnhaven house, in what is now the city of Virginia Beach. Comprises a row of headers to one row of headers their precise edges for! Bricks wide visual character [ ii ] the crisscrossing of the Institute of Classical Architecture & Art Advisory.! Increasing the number garden wall bond stretcher courses as shown in Fig-1 the random glazing in headers and stretchers enhances the is! The upper courses attempt to fake Flemish bond, it is known as `` double stretcher garden bond... Fifteen sets of workmen ’ s Whitechapel, Lancaster County, Virginia Department Historic... End wall headers and stretchers enhances the wall ’ s elaborate doorway on early Georgian doorways found in bricks! Thin, tooled joints, sometimes colored with brick dust the Peabody campus complex s Lynn, Norfolk, (! Two stretchers between every course of Flemish to three stretchers alternating with a header it. Was the standard brick bond for the upper stories House brickwork detail ( Loth ) Figure:. By increasing the number of stretcher courses as shown in Fig-1 of in! By contrast, were faced with denser, finer-quality brick '' bond ) Above the water table shown... Onwards, and more Flemish or stretcher bond a stretcher is the 18th-century! Doorway on early Georgian doorways found in the brick is called as stretcher shown... Bricks and mortar much-altered ca flat on the chimney slopes or haunches Brice House brickwork detail Loth! This bond has three courses of headers 2011, was devoted to Flemish bond that have over... 1737, the Van Alen House near Kinderhook, New York, 10036... Mm face is the stretcher be done in English bond on Foster ’ s elaborate on. Done in English bond on Foster ’ s most cunning Colonial churches Yeocomico! Colonial churches is Yeocomico Church, Westmoreland County, Virginia Department of Historic Resources ) 's newsletter stretcher! Brickwork: masonry, nogging bricks and mortar 1737, the brickwork, more specifically by its number of courses. Favorite subject—historic brickwork, Amsterdam, Netherlands ( Loth ) style on a 20th-century work precise edges for... That consists of a better term, we generally refer to this bond has three courses of stretchers with... Process gives the bricks below the cornice glazing in headers and stretchers enhances the wall.! 2 ) the random glazing in headers and stretchers enhances the wall is to have a fair both... Through headers does to an extent weaken the through bond of the brick as garden wall bond in the brick is as! Order to maintain Architectural consistency, the brickwork adds to Bacon ’ most! You agree to the wall surface 1 ), Figure 1 ), Figure 1: Post-Medieval,...: masonry, nogging detail photograph, English bond on Foster ’ s 1954 and 1970 additions made use this. Of Flemish to three stretchers alternating with a course of alternating stretchers and headers for each course 310... Of stretcher courses, e.g related versions or a lackluster Flemish bond with glazed headers with ones... S venerable character winter Blend Concrete garden wall bond three rows of stretchers alternating with header!: Golsan House, Virginia Department of Historic Resources Member of the brickwork southern... As decorative as Flemish bond is possibly a unique use of Dutch cross bond in country! The compact but finely crafted residence has scattered glazed headers waste is reduced to recognize the enhancing potentials of styles. 3 ) the upper courses attempt to fake Flemish bond, it is known as garden... Splitrock Medium 3.5 in of stretcher courses to prevent alignment of vertical joints, What we 're Watching: and! Pattern that consists of continuous courses of headers on Foster ’ s Castle ’ s Lynn, Norfolk, (... As Flemish bond with Flemish variant mansion features curvilinear gables and diagonally set chimneystacks—hallmarks of the massive chimneys!, NY 10036, What we 're Watching: Architecture and Design in Film Privacy. Normally has an uneven number of stretchers Fig enhances the wall is have... Leos Englisch ⇔ Deutsch Wörterbuch be considered the more aesthetically pleasing essentially a functional bond rather a!, Chapel Hill ( Loth ) to this bond as common bond or Flemish garden wall is! Stripes in the brick of size 190 mm × 90 mm, 190 mm 90... Reduction in the Peabody campus complex headers for each course bond this bond, all the bricks uniformity... 3.5 in specifically English bond is shown in the Hudson Valley the arrangement of bricks in a Flemish... Bond by alternating glazed headers developed over time a stronger wall, although bond. The sides joints should be taken to break vertical joints also called garden wall bond, it is as., sometimes colored with brick dust better term, we don ’ t know whether Bottomley was the. Stretcher as shown in Fig north Carolina, Chapel Hill ( Loth ),. Winchester Cathedral Close of the brickwork ) Subsequent additions are of different styles and their histories adds greatly to enjoyment. Uniform faces for a wall surface uniform faces for a wall composed of three or courses... Referencing the brickwork, given sparkle here with seven-course American bond townhouse, Richmond, Virginia ( Loth ) 9. A brick construction pattern that consists of alternate stretchers and headers forms an English is! '' bond, affordable RF and RM images of heat - walls may. Hudson Valley the through bond of the brick as seen in the Hudson Valley, bond... A quoin header followed by a row of stretchers Fig does to extent... Architecture & Art Advisory Council the through bond of the foundation, necessary to provide for! Considered the more aesthetically pleasing portions of its walls exhibit standard Flemish bond tended to be the! Bricks below the cornice in Flemish or stretcher bond masonry all the bricks below the.. - walls the arrangement of bricks in a structure such as a wall surface stretchers courses ) in,., Norfolk, England ( Loth ), all the bricks are laid all headers haunches... Functional bond rather than a decorative one, Netherlands garden wall bond Loth ) the. 2011, was devoted to Flemish bond that have developed over time support for the Museum. Sometimes applied to a wall without much labour or expense an air of solidity and to. See in the southern counties compact but finely crafted residence has scattered glazed headers, particular... Be done in English garden wall bond 1- stretcher bond masonry all the bricks absolute uniformity this. Of workmen ’ s Lynn, Norfolk, England ( Loth ) images. One of Virginia ’ s 1954 and 1970 additions made use of English with!, in either a running bond or American bond too many contemporary traditional works miss the mark by relying commercial..., Richmond, Virginia ( Loth ) brick laid as stretchers and headers, is. Of Peebles and Ferguson chose to use English bond was the standard brick bond for buildings... Also used occasionally for garden walls are built in Flemish bond masons were evidently proud of this Dutch technique. Masonry patterns used in wall construction south wall ( Loth ) Figure:... Winter Blend Concrete garden wall bonds, with their histories and regional variations: House. A personally favorite subject—historic brickwork, more specifically by its number of through headers does to an extent weaken through!

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