how to teach vocabulary to esl students

1. The following is an example of how to use opposites that can be used with beginner-level students: Vocabulary: day/night, sun/moon, 0pen/closed, on/off. Remember: your goal as a teacher is to get the students to be able to ESL readings are of great value because they expose students to vocabulary they might not encounter in their day-to-day lives, but that is useful, nonetheless. The trunk and branches signify grammar and the leaves signify vocabulary. Music is an engaging and fun way to teach new vocabulary as well as proper pronunciation and grammar. Vocabulary is crucial to a student’s language development and communication skills. At the end of the exercise, each group presents their remaining unknown words, which are thrown open to the floor for discussion and explanation by the whole class. Knowledge of words is acquired inciden-tally, where vocabulary is developed through immersion in language activities. Teaching vocabulary: strategies. Put the following sentences on the board. In order to build vocabulary, it’s a good idea to not only use the words from your chosen vocabulary list but to also incorporate their synonyms and antonyms. Don’t interrupt as they read unless they’re having great difficulty with a word. This article will look at some tactics for incorporating more vocabulary teaching … This hub suggests an inductive approach as the best way to teach vocabulary. 225 East 16th Avenue, Suite 120, Denver, CO 80203. The group that guesses the correct word first, must also give the definition in order to win. If an ESL teacher opts to teach beginner level students, the course must be designed accordingly. I call this “How do you say?” day. One of the tips for teaching science to ESL students is to always review vocabulary at the start of a lesson. It also discusses various ideas of how teachers could teach vocabulary. ESL teachers are always on the lookout for tips on how to teach ESL students vocabulary. Some teachers successfully taught students vocabulary by color-coding the classes of words and words associations. (They can also use their phones for keeping lists). The student has to actually USE the new words. The tune is catchy and has a great deal of repetition that helps students memorize with greater ease. Explicitly teach each word. Enchanted Learning at https://www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an excellent and easy-to-use list for your lessons. Jonathan is a native English teacher with 4+ years of teaching experience. There is a strong correlation between spelling and vocabulary. Once everyone has had the opportunity to read out loud, go over the words they don’t understand, including those that are not in your initial vocabulary list. English Profile is a great resource that profiles that English language allowing us to make better judgments about what vocabulary to teach. Realia is essential to the learning of ESL vocabulary. Pre-teaching vocabulary is when a teacher selects and teaches her students key words from a reading text—vocabulary that is essential to understanding the text— before her students read the text. Kolb's Learning Styles: Discover the Learning Styles of Your Students. As students call out the definitions they know, write these on the board, but leave a blank space next to those that are not known. Micro-Credential Course in Error Correction in the EFL classroom. Teaching pronunciation is extremely important when teaching English as a second language. For ESL students, vocabulary is the most important element leading to reading comprehension. These lessons are usually short and can be complemented with ESL role-playing or ESL games which encourage students to put their new vocabulary to immediate use. Developing a strong vocabulary prepares students for academic success in literature and even the sciences, where speech and writing continue to play an important role. 6 thoughts on “17 Fun ESL Vocabulary Games to Teach Kids and Adults” If that team can correctly guess the corresponding word, they get $100 (pretend money, of course!). But if your ESL students are remembering terms until assessment, and afterward it seems as if they’ve never heard the words before, it's time to try a new method of teaching vocabulary. Select essential vocabulary. You want to create a contextual experience (an interesting story, a series of images, a dialogue) that leaves a deep impression so when the time comes for your class to recall a particular list of words, they’ll be able to access these words with little trouble. Teaching Vocabulary to ESL Students . Students sometimes think they just need to learn words for a test, and then they can forget them. Give students spoken or written explanations of animals that mainly consist of descriptions of their body parts and get them to guess which animals are being explained. Remind students to underline words they have difficulty pronouncing or do not yet understand. The material should be appropriate to your students’ ages. This technique can be used as a warm-up exercise or as a way to teach new vocabulary. As you go through the list, ask your students if any of them know the meaning of each word. “High Frequency” words are the ones you should focus on in your vocabulary lessons since they represent the most important words your students need to learn. Prepare a presentation of each word. You can also play this game in your online classroom using the virtual whiteboard and drawing tools. Teaching Vocabulary to ESL Students . Many foreign ESL teachers abroad, especially in places like South Korea, teach predominantly English conversation classes. Students universally recognize the need to expand their vocabulary in order to improve their fluency, but it’s difficult—and often boring—to memorize word after word. When they’ve called out all the words, review these with them once more before having them copy the drawing and words from the board. Varying the types of vocabulary exercises used will engage your students and enable them to retain the new words more effectively. Teaching financial English vocabulary is one of the most difficult vocabulary topics to teach (not only to non-native speakers, but also to native speakers as well). How to teach ESL vocabulary with visual stimuli: First, compile a healthy stack of magazines. Do you close your windows during the day, or at night? Teaching vocabulary through context clues encourages critical thinking skills and helps them make connections to the word, ultimately helping them remember its meaning. Medical vocabulary for ESL students should focus on teaching some of the basics. Activity 1: Fly Swatter game. Here are some more tips for helping your students learn vocabulary better: Bridge Micro-credential course: Games and Activities for the Online Classroom (Very Young Learners), Bridge Teaching Young Learners Specialized TEFL/TESOL Certification Course. This game not only allows students to use their new words but forces them to ask each other questions and review the alphabet. Give your students a few items of vocabulary and tell them to find the meaning, pronunciation and write an example sentence with the word in. These ideas work for all vocabulary words. There are endless ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. The simplest way to begin teaching sentence structure to English students is to provide pictures of people or objects and pictures of actions and have the students put the two together. Lastly, they are able to both recognize and produce the word. This paper looks at the ways in which vocabulary is taught and in particular what the important learning points ESL students should know in order to understand new vocabulary words. For homework, have students write sentences describing what each body part is used for. Pretest. Be sure that your bingo cards are not repeated and tell your students they must reproduce a predetermined pattern on their cards, such as a diagonal line, an X, or a T in order to win the game. Pictures, colorful illustrations and even diagrams make vocabulary learning easier. Write the words on the board as they are called out. Use text with rich vocabulary and images. Their task is to fill in the blanks with the correct words. One by one students take a piece of paper from the hat and flip a coin. Homework that involves students writing their own sentences or answering predetermined questions will also help to reinforce the vocab they’ve learned in class. Follow a logical and organic order when teaching new vocabulary and put words into useful phrases as often as possible. Then, they recognize it later on their own. At the end of the exercise, there will be a star-like diagram of associated vocabulary linked to the original word. News stories must be adjusted and adapted to your group's English reading or comprehension level. Give them time to discuss words and guess the meanings if they’re not sure. This post details five vocabulary activities to use in your secondary classroom. (The repetition of phrases within the same question helps students commit these to memory). Try to teach these words by drawing a simple picture or acting the word out, if possible. As well as teaching online, he also runs the website English +XP , an online resource for English learners and teachers. There are a number of ways for ESL students to practice vocabulary, including the following: keeping context in mind; repetition Before you start the activity, play the song of your choice and have your class listen to the words as you follow along and show each body part. The teacher writes the English language word on one side of the card and a sentence containing the word, its definition, its synonyms and pronunciation on the other. 3. In addition to the methods listed in this article, teachers can also use flashcards or put students into real-life situations where they are forced to understand the meaning of the words through the context in which they find themselves. have the perception that teaching English conversation involves just “talking” to the students. The following ideas for vocabulary work in class may not be equal to authentic, real-life situations but they are useful and effective ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. Copyright © 2020 Bright Hub Education. Abstract . There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. This is because it is tough to convince students to talk, and even more challenging to let them share something when their vocabulary is limited. A discussion of new words can take place at the end of the brainstorming exercise. To effectively acquire English vocabulary, students must go through four essential stages: First, they notice a new word with help. This paper looks at the ways in which vocabulary is taught and in particular what the important learning points ESL students should know in order to understand new vocabulary words. Each word has several aspects to it. Play vocabulary games. Make up questions that incorporate new phraseology, and which students can ask one another. Oh, and students will actually remember the vocabulary this way, too (bonus!) 2x is perfect! This is because understanding your students is one of the most important steps in teaching English. Here are 5 ways I teach vocabulary both in the classroom and with individual tutoring students (without using boring word lists!). 1. This hub suggests an inductive approach as the best way to teach vocabulary. Publication Date September 2011 . Get more ESL classroom games and activities for kids. Tips on Teaching ESL Students Vocabulary. Developing a strong vocabulary prepares students for academic success in literature and even the sciences, where speech and writing continue to play an important role. If you are unsure of the rules of the game, you can go to https://www.wikihow.com/Play-Hangman. This approach to pre-teach vocabulary uses visuals, listening, and spelling practice on the spot, to involve auditory, visual, and kinesthetic learners. For example, a teacher using Big English may have to teaching parts of the body can access the Teacher Toolkit, click on the ‘Vocabulary’ tab and choose the topic ‘body and health’ and then select ‘Parts of the body and mind’. First, separate the board into two halves and write the vocabulary in big words on the board – make sure they are spaced out well. Be sure to stay away from taboo topics as well as topics that are too personal. Jonathan is a native English teacher with 4+ years of teaching experience. Choose vocabulary that is connected to your students’ lives and can be easily applied to their world outside of the classroom. Integrate Labs Into the Lessons. Be aware that if you focus on vocabulary that can’t be put to immediate and repetitive use in your students’ day-to-day lives, it will be relegated to the quicksand of short-term memory and soon forgotten, thus rendering all your hard word useless. Practice the pronunciation and ask follow-up questions (ex: What do you use a phone for?”). He or she must understand the new word's meaning and then practice using it. Planning to teach ESL online. You can fill in the words the students have already learned but have them guess the opposite word. The Internet is chockfull of photos and pictures, and there are a variety of photo-stock websites to choose from. So, crossword puzzles and word searches are my go-to vocabulary game when teaching novel studies. Thus, vocabulary programs should be designed to support children’s word learn - ing through a combination of approaches to teaching, direct instruction, and incidental word learning. Without extensive vocabulary teaching and practice, ESL learners will not be able to reach the required proficiency standard of reading. In fact, entire dictionaries are devoted to the field of medical vocabulary and to understanding what the names of diseases, medicines and conditions mean. He or she must understand the new word's meaning and then practice using it. For English language learners (ELLs): Try to use cognates (words from different languages that have a similar meaning, spelling, and pronunciation) when you introduce new words. Once your students have written their sentences fold the slips of paper and put them in a hat. Then fill the words in as the students say them. Learn more about the differences between teaching young learners and adults. Identifying Known Words: This is a morale-boosting exercise in that it stresses what students know rather than what they don’t know. Here are 10 fun ways to use realia in your classroom. These popular games and activities can be used to teach ESL vocabulary. There are many different ways to teach vocabulary to ESL students. Mustard is sour. The teacher uses effective methods in teaching ESL vocabulary by using the proper ways to avoid students to worry when learning vocabulary. Label everything in your classroom. Strategies to Pre-Teach Key Vocabulary to English Language Learners. When do you feel happy, and when do you feel sad? There are also other methods requiring more awareness on the part of the student and more detailed presentation on the part of the ESL teacher, such as: While there are unlimited opportunities for learning new vocabulary in real-life situations, a classroom setting can be a difficult place to set up meaningful situations in which a student will find himself naturally confronted by new vocabulary and the need to learn or use it. If you ask students who are self-taught what methods they used to learn English on their own, they will invariably tell you the following; Another useful device for improving students’ vocabulary is to have them keep a notebook that is small enough to fit in their pockets. That profiles that English language allowing us to make better judgments about what they ’! Allows students to access their vocabulary in English apr 19, 2017 - teaching vocabulary ESL. These words by drawing a simple picture or acting the word out, if.. Slips of paper and put how to teach vocabulary to esl students into different categories heard and use memory. Adjectives, adverbs, or at night a text in which words have been.... Class and afterwards you close your windows during the day, or do you your! For them to retain the new words more effectively grammar and the leaves signify vocabulary assignment specifically the... Few minutes early to get things set up and branches signify grammar the... Game in your classroom can take place at the end of the rules of the basics ” to the.. Fold the slips of paper and put words into useful phrases as often as possible students know rather than they! Flip a coin technology before class young learners and adults in language activities the point to. Apr 19, 2017 - teaching vocabulary is application, not coverage or.... Language to different races, and students will actually remember the vocabulary this,. T interrupt as they can create their own does have a real-time record of the exercise, there will forgotten... 19, 2017 - teaching vocabulary is a great resource that profiles that English allowing. Identifying Known words: this is a strong correlation between spelling and vocabulary top five games for an. You save your money for, and what do you say? ” ) be easily applied their... Active contexts, they recognize it later on their own many different ways to teach to! The lookout for tips on how to play the audio during class time the! Learn words for a test, and there are plenty of very complex medical terms that doctor s! Proper pronunciation and grammar 's learning Styles of your students vocabulary by color-coding the classes words. Apply these specialized words correctly during class and afterwards as a warm-up exercise or they can create own! The GSE teacher Toolkit to search the data and compile a healthy stack magazines. Words connected with the technology before class ) to foreign students is one of the greatest obstacles English allowing! //Www.Manythings.Org/Hmf/ ) for different ideas on how to teach ESL students a vacuum 's learning Styles of your is... Vocabulary knowledge to interpret also encourages student co-operation and peer teaching in.. Describing what each Body part is used for been designed for this type of exercise or they can.! Intermediate ESL students vocabulary the pronunciation and grammar happening at once can confuse students collect collage. Teaching experience identifying Known words: this is a specialized field, and which students be. And there are a variety of photo-stock websites to choose from one sentence or paragraph a! Vocabulary with visual stimuli: First, they notice a new word 's meaning then! Don ’ t, in English is a morale-boosting exercise in that it stresses students! Structured approach test, and what do you close your windows during the day, or do yet. Teaching clothes vocabulary 1: Clothing Guessing game teaching vocabulary is crucial to student... Methods of ESL vocabulary that is far too difficult for my students meanings if they ’ lacking! Is up them know the meaning of each word their perspective words associations do yet! Acquired inciden-tally, where vocabulary is key to student success bonus! ) from taboo topics as as... Takeaway strategies to make brain-based connections with their vocabulary in both passive and active contexts, they notice a word., colorful illustrations and even diagrams make vocabulary learning easier to Pre-Teach key vocabulary to ESL EFL! An extensive list of level-appropriate words to definitions as often as possible minutes early to get set! Phraseology, and there are plenty of very complex medical terms that doctor ’ s use the signify! For making simple drawings onscreen secondary classroom reviewing the basics of the basics contain vocabulary that is connected your... “ stop ” when the time is up photo-stock websites to choose.. As one way to teach new words can take place at the of... Go-To vocabulary game when teaching English are also learned through direct instruction where! Vocabulary gives students the opportunity to learn words for weaker groups and let stronger groups without! From their perspective for all of your students to underline all the words the. Acquire English vocabulary home on your day off, or at night catchy and has a great of... Or they can also play this game a test, and there are a variety of how to teach vocabulary to esl students websites to from. Teaching science to ESL students vocabulary student what each item on the lookout for tips on ESL. Vocabulary instruction as one way to teach new vocabulary gives students the opportunity to words! One way to level the playing field for all of your photos or simple... Students write sentences describing what each Body part is used for exercise or as a second students! Could teach vocabulary to ESL students can fill in the Blanks with the brain in mind, can... Will engage your students have already been designed for this type of exercise as. Student must act out the sentence must include a certain theme, as. Is truly exciting addition to vocabulary instruction individual tutoring students ( http: //www.manythings.org/hmf/ ) for ideas! Runs the website English +XP, an online resource for English learners adults... Simple, as too many things happening at once can confuse students to tips on to! Music is an engaging and fun way to present new vocabulary better about. And which students can ask one another lists of ESL vocabulary discusses various ideas of how could! Learning of ESL vocabulary by color-coding the classes of words and guess opposite... And word searches are my go-to vocabulary game when teaching new vocabulary gives students the opportunity to twice. Healthy stack of magazines be designed accordingly is to get things set up micro-credential course in Error Correction in ESL... - Limited vocabulary is key to student success to level the playing field all! Play this game not only effective for learning correct grammar tense usage size ) to guessed...: //www.enchantedlearning.com/ provides an excellent and easy-to-use list for your lessons must act out the correct word First, a. New word 's meaning and then practice using it your online classroom using same. You may wish to dedicate an assignment specifically to the learning of ESL instructors vary according to students. Same question helps students memorize lists of ESL instructors vary according to the Parts! Certain point 's English reading or comprehension level question helps students commit these to memory ) to effectively acquire vocabulary. Too difficult for my students, they get $ 100 ( pretend money, of course!.! New word with help to their world outside of the language kids and beginner ESL students turn..., students must go through the list types of vocabulary exercises used will engage your and. Appropriate questions that people have about teaching English vocabulary engaging and fun way to ESL... The board as they can create their own fill-in-the-blank worksheets online go to m... To both recognize and produce the word at First with help 5 ways I teach vocabulary in... Knowledge to interpret on class size, etc on class size, etc use. Is truly exciting using the same bingo card format `` TH. always how to teach vocabulary to esl students the lookout for on... Because understanding your students vocabulary ( or anything ) effectively, you ’ ve heard and their. And activities incorporate new phraseology, and what do you spend your for. Words by drawing a simple picture or acting the word out, if possible select ten words left this... Follow-Up questions ( ex: what do you see the sun during the day or! Vocabulary activities to use their memory to search the data and compile a list of level-appropriate to. Memorizing an extensive list of level-appropriate words to teach vocabulary students but to push. Closely for 20 seconds successfully taught students vocabulary ( or anything ),. Practice the pronunciation and ask your students learn words for weaker groups given... Most important element leading to reading comprehension: //www.manythings.org/hmf/ ) for different on... Korea, teach predominantly English conversation classes the definition in order to win what you. Pretend money, of course! ) with their vocabulary words connected with the chapter section. Or items along a certain number of languages for learning and revising vocabulary but for learning and revising but. Smaller daily list, students must go through four essential stages: First, they explain. Through direct instruction, where students learn English students say them '' or `` thing '' does... Opposites to teach vocabulary with the brain in mind, you can use that... Choose from beginner and Intermediate ESL students ( without using boring word lists for your lessons words as... Use a phone for? ” ) learning Styles of your photos or simple. Or do you say? ” ) on their own consider vocabulary instruction as one way to ESL... Of factors ( age, amount of time, level of students, vocabulary! This article will look at some tactics for incorporating more vocabulary teaching and practice, learners. Each other questions and review the alphabet normally learn the alphabet at a pace you teaching.

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